End of Medium


Symbol Meaning

The End of Medium symbol was used in computer terminals, printers, text processing systems, and telecommunication equipment. Its main purpose was to indicate the end of a physical data storage, such as a tape or disk. It signalled to receiving devices that it was necessary to process the received data and prepare for the end of the information transmission.

As for modern computer systems and applications, the U+0019 symbol is rarely used there, since other mechanisms and protocols are employed to determine the size and boundaries of data.

Like many other control symbols, this one has no visible representation and doesn't occupy a lot of space on screen or in typed text. However, there is a separate symbol in Control Pictures2400–243F representing the graphical image of the End of Medium symbol. It's the abbreviation EM — .

The symbol “End of Medium” is included in the “C0 controls” subblock of the “Basic Latin” block and was approved as part of Unicode version 1.1 in 1993.

Text is also available in the following languages: Русский;



Unicode Name End of Medium
Unicode Number
CSS Code
Plane 0: Basic Multilingual Plane
Unicode Block Basic Latin
Unicode Subblock C0 controls
Unicode Version 1.1 (1993)
Keyboard shortcut ^Y
Type of paired mirror bracket (bidi) None
Composition Exclusion No
Case change 0019
Simple case change 0019
scripts Common
Encoding hex dec (bytes) dec binary
UTF-8 19 25 25 00011001
UTF-16BE 00 19 0 25 25 00000000 00011001
UTF-16LE 19 00 25 0 6400 00011001 00000000
UTF-32BE 00 00 00 19 0 0 0 25 25 00000000 00000000 00000000 00011001
UTF-32LE 19 00 00 00 25 0 0 0 419430400 00011001 00000000 00000000 00000000