Quantity of characters: 149

The language of emoticons and ideograms is called emoji. Appeared first in Japan, and then spread all over the world. In Japanese this word consists of two parts: «e», which means «picture», and «modzy» — «character.» Initially, these were pictograms standardized in the keyboard. The largest telecom operators in Japan introduced their variants of the emoji keyboard. Some symbols are of particular importance in Japanese culture, for example, a white flower means a good homework. The first set of signs was created by Sigetaka Kurita, who was engaged in technologies for mobile Internet. Due to its wide use, some emoji language symbols have been included in Unicode. From this began their spread throughout the world. Today, few systems support their use. Smartphones, social networks, postal services are full of images of different grimaces and other funny symbols.

Section for Unicode emoji was made in version 6.0 in October 2010. And in June 2014 the consortium included 250 more characters, including «eye», «no piracy», «spider», «desert», «book», «flash camera», «levitating man in business suit», «hard disk» and even an «unfolded hand with a thumb stick out». It is not clear why «no» to piracy, and not «yes». He would be more in demand. Or do we mean not computer piracy? Graphical display of emoji icons depends on the specific designers serving different systems. In this regard, the images can be very different. The only meaning is the Unicode standard.

Officially, the icon for emotion is called Emoticon. In the common people, the word «smiley» is used, although it has a slightly different meaning. Smiles appeared before emotikons, even in the middle of XX century.

Once upon a time, to fix information, humanity used rock paintings. Gradually, they developed into pictographic (ideographic) writing, and then, and into alphabetic. The first alphabets appeared, approximately, three and a half thousand years ago. Now, with the advent of computers, a pictographic letter Unicode emoji is gaining popularity again. And this is among people who already know the alphabets.