Start of Text


Symbol Meaning

The Start of Text (STX) symbol was developed for use in telegraph and other communication systems to indicate the beginning of the text part of a message following a header that begins with the character sequence Start of Heading.

In modern computer systems and applications, the use of the U+0002 character has become less common as its functions are often replaced by other methods of encoding and structuring data.

Like other control symbols, this one has no visual representation and does not occupy a lot of space on screen or in printed text. There is a separate symbol in Control Pictures2400–243F representing the graphic image of the Start of Text character as the STX (Start of Text) abbreviation — .

The symbol “Start of Text” is included in the “C0 controls” subblock of the “Basic Latin” block and was approved as part of Unicode version 1.1 in 1993.

Text is also available in the following languages: Русский;



Unicode Name Start of Text
Unicode Number
CSS Code
Plane 0: Basic Multilingual Plane
Unicode Block Basic Latin
Unicode Subblock C0 controls
Unicode Version 1.1 (1993)
Keyboard shortcut ^B
Type of paired mirror bracket (bidi) None
Composition Exclusion No
Case change 0002
Simple case change 0002
scripts Common
Encoding hex dec (bytes) dec binary
UTF-8 02 2 2 00000010
UTF-16BE 00 02 0 2 2 00000000 00000010
UTF-16LE 02 00 2 0 512 00000010 00000000
UTF-32BE 00 00 00 02 0 0 0 2 2 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000010
UTF-32LE 02 00 00 00 2 0 0 0 33554432 00000010 00000000 00000000 00000000