End of Text


Symbol Meaning

The End of Text symbol was originally designed for use in teletype and other communication systems. It indicated the end of the text part of a message following the header, which began with the Start of Heading symbol . Besides, it also noted the text content, which began with the Start of Text symbol .

The use of the U+0003 symbol has become less popular in modern computer systems and applications. Its functions are often replaced by other methods of encoding and structuring data.

Like other control characters, this symbol has no visual representation and does not occupy much space on screen or in typed text. There is a separate symbol in Control Pictures2400–243F representing the graphical depiction of the End of Text symbol. It shows as the ETX (End of Text) abbreviation — .

The symbol “End of Text” is included in the “C0 controls” subblock of the “Basic Latin” block and was approved as part of Unicode version 1.1 in 1993.

Text is also available in the following languages: Русский;



Unicode Name End of Text
Unicode Number
CSS Code
Plane 0: Basic Multilingual Plane
Unicode Block Basic Latin
Unicode Subblock C0 controls
Unicode Version 1.1 (1993)
Keyboard shortcut ^C
Type of paired mirror bracket (bidi) None
Composition Exclusion No
Case change 0003
Simple case change 0003
scripts Common
Encoding hex dec (bytes) dec binary
UTF-8 03 3 3 00000011
UTF-16BE 00 03 0 3 3 00000000 00000011
UTF-16LE 03 00 3 0 768 00000011 00000000
UTF-32BE 00 00 00 03 0 0 0 3 3 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000011
UTF-32LE 03 00 00 00 3 0 0 0 50331648 00000011 00000000 00000000 00000000