Bulgarian Alphabet


The Bulgarian alphabet contains 30 Cyrillic letters. Compared to Russian, it lacks Ы, Э, Ё. And some letters have a different meaning. Ъ indicates a sound somewhat similar to . Щ is pronounced as .

In the early Middle Ages, the Bulgarians used to write the Glagolitic alphabet created by Cyril and Methodius. Gradually, it was replaced by cyrillic. In order to write in the Bulgarian language, at the end of the XVIII century the “civil font” of Peter I was adapted — a simplified Russian version of the Cyrillic alphabet. Various versions of this alphabet were used (from 28 to 44 letters), and the alphabet proposed by Marin Drinov in 1870 was the most widely used. It included 32 letters prior to the 1945 reform, when Ѣ got removed and a large one Ѫ was deleted too. That is how the Bulgarian alphabet acquired its modern appearance.