Phags-pa Alphabet


The ʼPhags-pa script was created by the Tibetan monk and State Preceptor Drogön Chögyal Phagpa for the founder of the Yuan dynasty in China in 1269. It was designed as a writing system for languages (Chinese, Tibetan, Uyghur, Sanskrit and Persian) of all people obeyed the Yuan dynasty. In 1368, after Ming dynasty gained the power, the script was completely abandoned.

The ʼPhags-pa script is an abugida. ʼPhags-pa extended his native  Tibetan alphabet 0F40–0F6C and some Indian writing systems with sibling relationships with  Devanagari 0915–0945 . Probably, it was an ancestor for Korean hangul.